War Diaries

1st July 1689

1st July 1689

A view of St Columb’s Cathedral from Craigavon Bridge.   From Captain Ash’s Diary:   “1st July [1689] The enemy shot twenty bombs.I saw a copy of proposals sent by Marshal Rosen, the French General; the substance which was, that, if we did not surrender the city to […]

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30th June 1689

30th June 1689

A portrait of Major Henry Baker, Governor of Derry.   From the Diary of Captain Thomas Ash:   “30 [June 1689] Governor Henry Baker died. He was a great loss to the garrison, greatly beloved and very well qualified for the Government, being endued with great patience […]

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29th June 1689

29th June 1689

The graveyard at St Augustine’s Church on Derry’s walls. From the Diary of Captain Thomas Ash:   “29 [June 1689] Nine bombs were sent among us; one fell on the old Church [St Augustine’s], raised five corpses out of their graves, and threw one of them quite […]

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29th June 1689

29th June 1689

A view of Greencastle harbour in County Donegal.   The defenders of Derry, who were now boxed in by the Jacobite forces, were hugely frustrated by their inability to communicate with the English Fleet in Lough Foyle-separated by the Boom: so near and yet so far. Any […]

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28th June 1689

28th June 1689

The Gunners Bastion which was under attack on this day, 28th June 1689:   “A young madcap and a little dissolute” was how Louis XIV’s ambassador The Comte d’Avaux described the Earl of Clancarty, a young well connected Jacobite officer. On this day in 1689 his attempt […]

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27th June 1689

27th June 1689

As the bombs were raining down on Londonderry, Major-General Kirk was dining in style (and gathering some useful information) with the enemy on board ship at the mouth of Lough Foyle, as this extract from Richards’ Diary of the Fleet shows:   “Thursday 27th [June 1689] My […]

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27th June 1689

27th June 1689

On the 26th of June 1689, Captain Thomas Ash recorded that Col. G. O’Neil from the Jacobite camp asked for a conference to discuss surrender terms with the Williamite defenders. They met near the gallows on the strand and the terms offered were that if the city surrendered […]

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26th June 1689

26th June 1689

Lured into a trap! The saga of Roche and Cromie, (posted earlier on this site) as told by Colonel Richard’s in his Diary of the Fleet:   “Wednesday 26th [June 1689] At noon we saw the sign made from the tower, by which we are certain they […]

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26th June 1689

26th June 1689

A portrait of Conrad de Rosen, Marshall General of King James’ forces.   The tragic fate of “Mc Gimpsey” as told by the various contemporary accounts on this day, 26th June 1689, is introduced by historian Thomas Witherow in “Derry and Enniskillen in the Year 1689”.   […]

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24th June 1689

24th June 1689

The view across Lough Foyle to Coolkeeragh power station, from Culmore Point.   From Richards’ Diary of the Fleet:   “Monday 24th [June 1689] The enemies have been working ever since the 22nd on this side the Otter Bank, and have now erected several timbers, as if […]

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23rd June 1689

23rd June 1689

A view of Butcher Gate on Derry’s walls.   From the Diary of Captain Thomas Ash:   “23 [June 1689] That night the enemy prosecuted their work in the orchard, our men still firing at them. One of our captains went over to the enemy: his name […]

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23rd June 1689

23rd June 1689

From Captain Ash’s Diary: “23 [June 1689] The enemy ran the trench quite thro’ the orchard; and we had six bombs from them, three burst, three did not.

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22nd June 1689

22nd June 1689

From Richards’ Diary of the Fleet:   “ Friday, 21st [June 1689] This morning two men made a sign on the Northern shore with a handkerchief, upon which our boat fetched them off, we seeing nobody else in ambuscade. These men are Protestants, and tell us, that […]

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22nd June 1689

22nd June 1689

Around this time Conrad de Rosen arrived back in Derry. He was “Marshal General of all his Majesty’s [King James] forces”. The historian Lord Macauley described him as “…A native of Livonia, who had in early youth become a soldier of fortune… His temper was savage: his […]

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21st June 1689

21st June 1689

A portrait of Colonel Jonathan Mitchelburn. From Captain Thomas Ash’s Diary:   21 [June 1689] The mortars were removed to this side the water, over the bog; they shot 20 bombs; two fell upon the Church, one did no hurt, the other raised some sheets of lead, […]

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20th June 1689

20th June 1689

St Columb’s Wells in Derry’s Bogside.   From Captain Ash’s Diary: 20 [June 1689] At night the enemy made a strong ditch above the meadows against Wind-mill, in order to prevent our men from relieving their guards in that line next the meadows, and they made two […]

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20th June 1689

20th June 1689

From Richards’ Diary of the Fleet:   “Thursday 20th [June 1689] This day came in Capt. Guillam in the Greyhound, and Capt. Boyce in the Fisher ketch. The last place they came from was the Mull of Galloway, where he says it was vulgarly talked, that the […]

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19th June 1689

19th June 1689

A view of Ferryquay gate, one of the four original gates on Londonderry’s walls.   From Captain Ash’s Diary:   “19 [June 1689] A regiment of the enemy’s horse came from Muff [County Donegal], and drew up in a body above Rossdowney. Three cannon were shot at […]

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19th June 1689

19th June 1689

The view, looking north toward Redcastle and Greencastle in County Donegal, from Culmore point in Derry.   From Richards’ Diary of the Fleet.   “Wednesday 19th [June 1689] All the Colonels, Lieut-Colonels,and sea-Captains, were present this day at a Council of War, where several obstacles were alleged against […]

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