War Diaries

12th July 1689

12th July 1689

Inch Island in Lough Swilly, viewed from the Iron Age ring-fort Grianan of Aileach; the Stone Palace of the Sun, in Burt, County Donegal.   Long, long days and many, many problems ( including workmen not turning up) beset Colonel Richards as he tried to secure a Williamite […]

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12th July 1689

12th July 1689

Butcher’s Gate on Derry’s walls. From Captain Ash’s Diary:   “12th [July 1689] The battering pieces played greatly against the town, and at night Butchers-gate was made up in the inside with stones, earth, and sods, and a place left only at the wicket to go out […]

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11th July 1689

11th July 1689

A view of the countryside around Inch Level, close to the Inch wildfowl reserve, County Donegal.   Toiling night and day with accusations of betrayal of their fellow Protestants and the constant threat from the enemy as outlined in Richards’ Diary of the Fleet:   “Thursday 11th [July […]

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11th July 1689

11th July 1689

A view through Bishop’s Gate, Derry.   As the siege wore on, problems with military discipline began to emerge as Captain Ash’s Diary illustrates:   “11th [July 1689] Notwithstanding the barricadoe before Butcher’s-gate, a ball came through one of the pieces of timber and killed a man […]

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10th July 1689

10th July 1689

Photo shows Inch Castle on Inch Island, County Donegal.   Colonel Jacob Richards was probably in his late twenties around the time he kept his Diary during the Siege of Derry. As a young engineer in training he had been sent to Hungary to“… survey, learn, and […]

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10th July 1689

10th July 1689

This is the actual cannonball referred to by Captain Thomas Ash in the extract from his Siege Diary below, which is on display (325 years later) in St Columb’s Cathedral, Londonderry.   “10th [July 1689] They discharged ten bombs; some of them fell into the old Church […]

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9th July 1689

9th July 1689

A view of Inch Island taken from Rathmullan Pier in Lough Swilly ( The Lake of Shadows), County Donegal. From Richards’ Diary of the Fleet: “Tuesday 9th [July 1689]. The wind easterly we set sail, and got into the Lough Swilly up as high as the island Inch […]

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9th July 1689

9th July 1689

New Gate leading to the Fountain area of Londonderry.   From Captain Thomas Ash’s Journal of the Siege:   “9th [July 1689]. They played hotly against the gate, and shattered it much [Butcher’s Gate], some of the balls flew over the town and fell into the Lough […]

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8th July 1689

8th July 1689

Butcher’s Gate, Londonderry and an extract from Captain Ash’s Diary:   “8. [July 1689] They played fourteen bombs; one of them broke an ensign’s leg in Butcher’s-street, of which he died. The battering-pieces played almost the whole day against Butcher’s-gate; one of the balls, which weigh near […]

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8th July 1689

8th July 1689

A view of Culdaff Bay, in County Donegal.   In extracts from “The Siege of Derry 1689: The Military History” author Richard Doherty explains why part of the Williamite Fleet began to move around the Inishowen peninsula to Inch Island in Lough Swilly:   “…since Inch was […]

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7th July 1689

7th July 1689

These few extract from “Derry and Enniskillen in the Year 1689” outline the ‘state of play’ of the Siege in early July:   “The three original and best-known records of the siege, written by men who lived within the city, make us well acquainted with what transpired […]

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7th July 1689

7th July 1689

A view to the north from the Inishowen peninsula.   Richards’ Diary of the Fleet:   “Sunday, 7th [July 1689] Towards noon we sailed out to the other two men of war, who also weighed anchor; but the winds being contrary, we anchored again before night in […]

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6th July 1689

6th July 1689

From Richards’ Diary of the Fleet: Friday 5th and Saturday 6th July 1689:   “Early this morning the Major-General writes me a letter desiring me to go with the detachment of 5oo men to Inch [Island in Lough Swilly, County Donegal], to secure their landing, and then to […]

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6th July 1689

6th July 1689

Captain Ash’s Diary:   “6th [July 1689] Fifteen bombs were discharged at us, and on the 7th we had eighteen. It was observed, that until this day none were fired on Sunday since the Siege began. One of them killed a man and hurt many others.”

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5th July 1689

5th July 1689

From Captain Ash’s Diary: 5th [July 1689] Nine bombs were sent into town, which did harm to houses, and raised the dead out of their graves.”

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4th July 1689

4th July 1689

A view towards Redcastle and Greencastle taken from Culmore Point at the mouth of Lough Foyle.   From Richards’ Diary of the Fleet:   “Thursday 4th [July 1689] I dined this day on board the Major-General, to whom came off one Mr Hamilton, who the day before was […]

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4th July 1689

4th July 1689

From Captain Ash’s Diary:   “4 [July 1689] The French General and Col Hamilton, finding we did not receive the Protestants into the garrison as they had expected, and dreading their friends would suffer here for their harsh dealings with the Protestants, as their prisoners had wrote them […]

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3rd July 1689

3rd July 1689

“Rainstorm over the Sea” by John Constable. From Richards’ Diary of the Fleet: “Wednesday 3rd [July 1689] Early this morning the Major-General, hearing that the enemies had driven all the poor Protestants under the walls of Derry, thinking thereby to force them to surrender, or that out of […]

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3rd July 1689

3rd July 1689

A view of the Double Bastion on Derry’s Walls. From Captain Ash’s Diary:   “3 [July 1689] They brought a thousand more of the Protestants to our walls, of all ages and sexes, whom we could not well relieve with provisions, though many of the garrison took in […]

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2nd July 1689

2nd July 1689

Captain Ash’s Diary:   “2nd [July 1689] In the evening, the enemy drove about two hundred Protestants, men women and children, to our walls as they threatened in their proposals.”   Letter from Marshall General Conrad de Rosen to the defenders of Derry-[30th June 1689]   “…that […]

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